France at the forefront of Europe
France was and still is among the powerful countries in Europe. Through its history, its political position, the economy and not last the custom in culture, France is exactly what we see today.
With a population of 60 countless which 76% is metropolitan population. The majority of the population practices Catholicism (about 90%) as religion, whilst other popular religious beliefs include Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.
Relating to the political system, France is a Republic which Constitution dates from 1958. The President of the Republic is the President, chief of the Armies and has an executive power. He is chosen for a seven-year term (five year term from 2002 on) by direct universal suffrage. He is entitled to dissolve the Assembly and call for early elections. He designates the Prime Minister, who represents the parliamentary bulk. When it comes to the legal power, the Parliament is composed of the National Assembly (577 members chosen for 5 years by direct universal suffrage) and the Senate (321 members elected for a nine-year term). The right to vote is given from the age of 18. Since 1982, France decentralised part of its power to Areas and Departments. President of the Republic: Jacques Chirac elected in 1995 and re-elected in Might 2002. Prime Minister: Dominique de Villepin.
France is European Union’s biggest agricultural power, of which it offers almost a 4th of its production, and is the second biggest agricultural power in the world (behind the USA). Agricultural activity gain from huge subsidies, especially European subsidies. Wheat, corn, meat and wine are the primary productions. The manufacturing industry is diversified, however the nation is going through a desindustrialisation procedure, traduced by numerous movings. The key commercial sectors are cars, computer system, telecommunications and electronics. France is the first tourist location world-wide: than 75.3 million travelers visited France in 2005.
The French economy is really available to foreign trade of items. The nation ranks 2nd in Europe for its foreign trade behind Germany, and is the eighth world destination for foreign direct financial investments (FDI). France’s top 3 import partners are Germany, Italy and Spain. Its leading 3 export partners are Germany, Spain and UK. France generally imports cars, equipment and durable goods. From January the 1st 2002, the currency in flow is the euro.
France is noted for its cosmopolitan, civilized method to life, combined with fantastic issue for design, style and appearances. French people are in some cases perceived as taking a great pride in the nationwide identity and positive accomplishments of France, although numerous French people would argue that individuals of all nations have the tendency to do that.